June 8, 2023


Creative living

Virgin Galactic just revealed a new supersonic passenger jet planned with Rolls Royce, which used to make Concorde jet engines

4 min read
An artist's concept of Virgin Galactic's planned supersonic jet design, which it hopes is capable of high-speed passenger travel at Mach 3, or three times as fast as sound.
An artist’s concept of Virgin Galactic’s planned supersonic jet design, which it hopes is capable of high-speed passenger travel at Mach 3, or three times as fast as sound.

Virgin Galactic

  • Virgin Galactic, the space tourism company founded by Richard Branson, wants to pursue high-speed passenger travel as well.

  • On Monday, Virgin Galactic revealed the preliminary design for a supersonic jet capable flying up to 19 people at Mach 3, which is 2,300 mph.

  • Publishing the design is a very early step — even with very fast development it would still be years before the plane could fly.

  • A Virgin Galactic executive previously told Business Insider the company thinks high-speed passenger travel could be a $15 billion annual business.

  • Visit Business Insider’s homepage for more stories.

Not long after Virgin Galactic unveiled the interior design of its rocket-powered SpaceShipTwo, built to fly tourists beyond the edge of space and back, the company has revealed its planned foray into high-speed passenger travel.

On Monday, Virgin Galactic, founded by Richard Branson, published the high-level design of a new supersonic jet capable of flying nine to 19 people from New York City to London in about 90 minutes.

It said it plans to build the high-speed aircraft with the help of Rolls Royce, the company that built the afterburner turbojet engines for the discontinued Concorde jet.

Virgin Galactic says it’s also working with NASA the Federal Aviation Administration to realize the new aircraft and, to that end, recently completed what’s called a mission concept review.

The review is an early but essential step to ultimately certifying a real-life vehicle for flight. Even with very fast development, it may take many years before such a plane would actually be ready to carry passengers.

The preliminary design for the unnamed aircraft suggests it will have delta wings and be capable of traveling at speeds of Mach 3, or about 2,300 mph, at an altitude of roughly 60,000 feet.

The Concorde jet, which retired in 2003, was capable of Mach 2, or about 1,300 mph. 

“We are excited to complete the Mission Concept Review and unveil this initial design concept of a high speed aircraft, which we envision as blending safe and reliable commercial travel with an unrivalled customer experience,” said George Whitesides, Virgin Galactic’s former CEO and new Chief Space Officer, in a press release.

“We have made great progress so far, and we look forward to opening up a new frontier in high speed travel,” he added.

A $15 billion annual business?

A British Airways Concorde supersonic jet taking off in flight.
A British Airways Concorde supersonic jet taking off in flight.


In a recent interview with Business Insider, Whitesides (then Virgin Galactic’s CEO) said the company wanted to expand well beyond its suborbital space tourism plans and break into frequent supersonic passenger travel. 

He said Virgin Galactic hopes to leverage its growing flight data and operations experience, along with new research and development, into a new high-speed transportation system.

The goal: claim a fraction of the airline industry’s premium long-haul travel business, which totals about $300 billion a year.

“If we can just capture 5% or something like that, then it’s still a huge number. I mean, $10 to $15 billion of revenue is a massive opportunity,” Whitesides told Business Insider in May.

He said he believes people will want to go places faster in smaller vehicles, and are willing to pay for the privilege. “The things that we’re working on are very much part of our aviation future.”

The gap for such operations is wide open, given that the Concorde — a supersonic passenger airliner — retired in 2003.

That’s not to say it will be easy or inexpensive to reclaim, improve, and expand such business territory, but Whitesides feels Virgin Galactic is up to the challenge, even in the face of prior failures to create new supersonic and even hypersonic passenger vehicles.

“The words ‘many companies have tried’ is music to my ears,” Whitesides said. “People said we couldn’t build up human spaceflight company. People say we couldn’t go public.”

Whitesides said flying passengers in SpaceShipTwo at Mach 3, or three times the speed of sound — the vehicle’s top speed, which it uses to fly more than 50 miles above Earth — will help Virgin Galactic gain an edge over competitors in the supersonic jet space.

Virgin Galactic’s growing rocketry know-how with SpaceShipTwo might also eventually be leveraged into a hypersonic system that could fly between Mach 5 to 25.

This is what SpaceX hopes to eventually do with its fully reusable Starship-Super Heavy launch system. In theory, such a hypersonic vehicle could get from New York to Shanghai in less than an hour.

But Whitesides said hypersonic speeds introduce a large amount of complexity, and that a Mach 3 aircraft makes more sense to pursue initially.

Virgin Galactic provided no timeline for actually building, testing, and ultimately flying passengers on the new supersonic jet aircraft.

“It’s not going to be next year, but it is something that I think we can continue to work on in a sort of a staged approach and hopefully change the world,” Whitesides previously told Business Insider.

Virgin Galactic, which posted a $60 million loss in the first quarter and a $73 million loss the quarter before that, plans to host its 2020 second-quarter earnings call at 5 p.m. ET on Monday.

Have a story or inside information to share about the spaceflight industry? Send Dave Mosher an email at dmosher+tips@businessinsider.com or a Twitter direct message at @davemosher. More secure communication options are listed here.

Read the original article on Business Insider